Check out the nutrition labels below taken from 1% milk and white cheddar cheese cubes.
When you look at the ingredients list, you can see that both are made from milk. (The milk carton also has vitamin D added because most milk in the USA is fortified with vitamin D.)
So let’s ignore the vitamin D since we know that is an added fortificant.
If both are milk products, the nutritional info must be the same right?? HMmmm.
Well for one thing, both have similar amounts of calcium.
But let’s look at and discuss the three MACROnutrients: Fat, Protein, and Carbohydrates.
But let’s look at the carbohydrates. This is the most shocking difference! Why does regular milk have a a whopping 12 g of carbohydrates per serving and cheese have practically NONE??
??????????????Why does milk have SUGAR and cheese NOT????????????????????
Well, my friends, this is due to the sugar, Lactose, which is present in milk but not most cheeses. Lactose is a naturally occurring sugar in milk, kind of like fructose is the naturally occurring sugar in fruits.
When making cheese, the lactose is converted into something entirely different. The fermentation process in cheesemaking practically gets rid of all the lactose. And the longer the cheese ages, the less lactose it has! So for all those lactose intolerant people.. cheese may be A-OK!
So what does this all mean? This means that milk has carbohydrates, while most cheeses do not! Carbohydrates are our bodies primary source of energy, but some people may need to monitor their carbohydrate intake more than others. For example: endurance athletes, diabetics, etc.
Make sure to keep this nutritional fact in mind! And help share the education! Please comment below if you know any other foods that are made from similar ingredients yet have different nutritional properties!! 😀 Happy Learning!